In this page we outline some key peer-reviewed academic studies on plant sterols and stanols. These studies provide ample facts and demonstrate our claims that:

  1. A daily intake of 1.5-3.0 g/s plant sterols or stanols reduces LDL-cholesterol by 7-12.5% in 2-3 weeks. For the exact magnitude of effects per intake of plant sterols and stanols on lowering blood levels of LDL-cholesterol, please see the EU Commission Regulation No 686/2014
  2. Because of their cholesterol-lowering benefit plant sterols and stanols are believed to help reducing the risk of heart disease
  3. Foods with plant sterols and stanols are safe for the consumer
  4. Introducing foods with plant sterols and stanols to the daily diet and a healthy and active lifestyle can therefore contribute to improving health prospects of the population by helping prevent the risk for heart disease

Listed below are some key meta-studies that demonstrate the efficiency of plant sterols and stanols:

  • Gylling H et. al. Plant sterols and plant stanols in the management of dyslipidaemia and prevention of cardiovascular disease. Atherosclerosis 2014; 232(2): 346-360 Full text
  • Ras RT, Geleijnse JM, Trautwein EA. LDL-cholesterol-lowering effect of plant sterols and stanols across different dose ranges: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled studies. Br J Nutr 2014; 112(2): 214-219. Full text
  • Musa-Veloso K, Poon TH, Elliot JA, Chung C. A comparison of the LDL-cholesterol lowering efficacy of plant stanols and plant sterols over a continuous dose range: Results of a meta-analysis of randomized, placebo-controlled trials. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 2011; 85(1): 9-28. Abstract only
  • Demonty I, Ras RT, van der Knaap HC, Duchateau GS, Meijer L, Zock PL, Geleijnse JM, Trautwein EA. Continuous dose-response relationship of the LDL-cholesterol-lowering effect of phytosterol intake. J Nutr 2009; 139(2): 271-284. Full text
  • AbuMweis SS, Barake R, Jones PJH. Plant sterols/stanols as cholesterol lowering agents: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Food Nutr Res 2008; 52: doi:10.3402/fnrv52i0.1811. Full text
  • Katan MB, Grundy SM, Jones P, Law M, Miettinen T, Paoletti R. Efficacy and safety of plant stanols and sterols in the management of blood cholesterol levels. Mayo Clin Proc 2003; 78(8): 965-978. Full text

More studies that encompass a significant body of research can be found on this page